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Learning Objectives - IV Certification

  At the completion of this program, you should be able to:

      define aseptic compounding and explain the need for sterile products

      distinguish between inhalants, enterals, topicals, ophthalmics, otics and parenteral dosage forms used in sterile products

      explain why it is important that the parenteral administration route must be sterile or prepared aseptically

      distinguish and explain the different forms of parenteral administration

      determine which types of parenteral administration must be preservative-free
 
  ■      explain how laminar flow biological safety cabinets contribute to infection control.

      describe the difference among class 100, 1000, 10,000 clean rooms.

      explain the importance of aseptic technique in compounding.

      explain the reason for each step in the proper procedure for cleaning a laminar flow biological safety cabinet.

      describe the proper protective dress required in a clean room. 

      show calculations related to products prepared using aseptic technique.

      calculate the quantity of active ingredient needed for each preparation.

      calculate the volume of active ingredient to add to an IV admixture.

      calculate the volume of electrolytes to add to a TPN.

      determine the rate of flow for IV meds.

      discuss and calculate dilution technique.

              explain the cautions associated with microbial contamination.

      understand the pH range and why it is important.

      understand the concepts of compatibility and stability.

      explain the difference between tonicity, osmolarity and osmolality.

      know how to calculate the osmolarity of an IV solution. 

      explain how to design the clean room to limit contamination risk.

      describe how to prepare vials, bags, and ampules before placing them in the airflow hood.

      explain the theory of clean air space.

      define and explain the importance of proper aseptic technique.

      explain how to manipulate supplies such as needles, filters and syringes.

      manipulate specialty admix ingredients such as Factor VIII and Gammar globulin.

      describe how to reconstitute a sterile product. 

      explain why a patient receives a TPN.

      list the additives used in making a TPN.

      explain why the ingredients are necessary in a TPN.

      describe how to Automix a TPN.

      discuss automated mixing equipment.

      list and describe the different types of sterile products.

      know the different uses for large-volume and small-volume IV bags.

      understand the concept of pediatric dosing and realize why sterile products prepared for this type of patient are different from those for adults.

      list some specialty protein-based sterile products. 

      describe what happens with cancer and cells.

      explain how cytotoxic agents are used to treat cancer.

      explain safety procedures for handling chemotherapy agents.

      describe types of biological safety cabinets.

      discuss appropriate procedures for preparing chemotherapy agents.

      list the hazards involved with preparing chemo agents.

      describe how to clean a chemo spill. 

      explain the necessity of quality control.

      state tasks that require quality assurance procedures.

      help the pharmacist ensure the quality of all pharmaceutical services.

      list the principles of quality assurance to all pharmacy activities.

      discuss the implications of USP chapter 797.

      compare the various risk levels for differing compounded sterile preparations and the quality assurance requirements of each.

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